The ideal climate, quite rainy from November to February, in combination with the fertile soil, conserves a lush vegetation. Mountains covered with natural dense forests of pine and other wild trees alternate with olive groves, plum or almond orchards and vineyards. Resin, charcoals, chestnuts, oil, olives, prunes and wine have been the source of the island prosperity for centuries.
During April and May the whole island is carpeted in wild flowers (freesias and orchids, poppies and anemones, irises, lilies and gladioli, various species of herbaceous vines and bines of convolvulus -bindweed, morning glories- etc). Indigenous herbs and flavorings grow in abundance according to the season; chamomile in June, Oregano in July, sage in August, crocus in October, rosemary and bay all year round.
The vast tracts of pine forest regulate their own micro-climate here; the invigorating scent of pine which fills the air and assaults the nostrils, is one of the pleasures of any walk through the wonderful forests of the island. Forestry figures suggest there could be as many as five million pine trees on Skopelos. The forests are mainly of Aleppo pine, holm and kermes oak. Pines, or gymnosperms, were the earliest tree families on the planet.