On Skopelos, underwater sea-grass beds of the sea weed Poseidonia are widely spread and in excellent condition. The genus Poseidonia is named after Poseidon, the Greek God of the Seas. This seagrass species -commonly known as Neptune Grass or Mediterranean tapeweed- that is endemic to the Mediterranean Sea, is particularly important for the development of other organisms and the retention and cycling of suspended particles and various substances in the environment. Underwater fauna is also varied, with many benthic and fish species.
Coastal Greek waters have been well utilised for centuries by professional fishermen. In the past few years, there has been a dramatic rise in the number of recreational fishermen and tourists which has resulted in an increased interest in marine life. The recent world-wide concern for environmental issues has also greatly contributed to the increased attention given to the marine environment of Greece. As a result there is a need for literature which provides information about marine ecosystems and organisms in Greek waters.
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